12.1) Implement the 10-Year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
12.2) By 2030, achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
Novozymes' biosolutions enable the biobased economy and help customers to produce more with less enabling sustainable consumption and production patterns as its products reduce energy, raw material and chemical consumption and CO2 emissions, compared with conventional technologies. Novozymes has conducted a large number of lifecycle assessment studies (LCA) to document the environmental benefits of biological technologies over conventional technologies. Published results can be found here. In 2014, Novozymes’ customers avoided 60 million tons of CO2e emissions by applying its products, equivalent to taking 25 million cars off the road. Novozymes’ 2020 target is to save 100 million tons of CO2e through customers’ application of its products. Novozymes has set ambitious targets for 2020 to continuously improve operational eco-efficiency, including reliance on 30% renewable energy supply, a 30% improvement in energy efficiency (2014 baseline), a 25% improvement in water efficiency (2014 baseline),a 25% reduction in CO2 intensity (2014 baseline) and a 99% adherence to its supplier programme including a policy to prevent deforestation. Novozymes has been reporting to the CDP (formerly the Carbon Disclosure Project) since 2007 and in 2014, received the maximum possible CDP score of 100 A.
12.3) By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels, and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
DuPont is innovating along the food value chain to reduce global food waste. For example: DuPont Industrial Biosciences has developed a range of DuPont™ Danisco® enzymes that help reduce food waste from baked goods. Approximately 30 percent of bakery products go uneaten, often because they are considered to have gone bad or stale. DuPont’s enzymes can extend product freshness. The longer an item stays on the shelf, the more likely it is to be eaten, the more efficiently we are consuming the food intended for our tables. Working with Cargloux, DuPont developed DuPont™ Tyvek® Air Cargo covers to help protect perishables and reduce food waste during transit, keeping goods up to 15.4 degrees cooler in a hot environment. DuPont and Cargolux have combined their knowledge and expertise to reduce one of the key causes of food waste, ensuring that fresh food products are now available to emerging markets in Africa, opening new horizons and creating new opportunities.
To make a difference, it is important to get all the S Group’s co-op members to consume responsibly. The S Group aims to make this easier by providing different solutions. For example, Finns eat too much meat and too little vegetables. As a solution to this, the S Group launched the ‘Satokausituotteet’ (Seasonal produce of the month) concept. The concept provides consumers with a more extensive range of vegetables of the season in question, with the best value. The seasonal produce increased the sale of vegetables at S Group’s stores by 12 million kilograms from the previous year. One of S Group’s solutions for tackling food waste, contributing to circular economy, and reducing our customers’ carbon footprint is E85 fuel offered at our gas stations. E85 contains 80–85 % of bioethanol and over 100 S Group’s outlets direct its food waste (inedible) as raw material for the production of bioethanol. The carbon dioxide emissions of E85 during its life cycle are up to 80 per cent lower than those of fossil fuels.
12.4) By 2020, achieve environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
Setting new standards at Crossrail in the UK: With more than 250 machines spread across nearly 40 construction sites, Bechtel and Crossrail achieved an 85 percent reduction in particulate emissions on Europe’s largest construction project. Moreover, Crossrail was recognized as the first infrastructure project in the United Kingdom to adopt strict emissions controls across all of its work sites. It has also introduced newer, cleaner machines across London and encouraged suppliers to upgrade their equipment. The success of this program on Crossrail has helped to support the Greater London Authority’s intent for a wide scale introduction of these controls.
Ericsson offers free product take-back services in efforts to reduce waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). Since 2005, the company’s ecology management program has taken back e-waste from over 107 countries and has significantly increased their product-take back and recycling levels. Ninety-eight percent of the materials from these products are recycled. In Ghana, Ericsson teamed up with mobile operator Airtel to recycle and dispose of e-waste, a significant concern of the country.
12.5) By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling, and reuse
Greening project facilities (2016): The Al Taweelah Alumina refinery is a greenfield project in the United Arab Emirates that will supply 2 million tons of alumina for smelting. With Bechtel's partner, Emirates Global Aluminium, we used Estidama (sustainability in Arabic) principles and practices at the refinery’s operation management building to set a high bar of sustainability compliance. We saved water by using water-conserving fixtures and fittings, recycled sewage water for irrigation, and native plants that require less water to maintain for landscaping. To reduce energy consumption, we added external shading and installed energy-efficient equipment and lighting systems. These measures and others contributed to:
- 100 percent recycled water for irrigation
- 54 percent reduction in internal potable water consumption
- 13 percent reduction in energy use
- 55 percent of procured steel using recycled content
- 70 percent of nonhazardous construction waste recycled
P&G has over the past three years increased the number of zero manufacturing waste to landfill (ZMWTL) sites from 10% to nearly 50% of manufacturing sites globally. P&G now has over 70 sites that have achieved the ZMWTL criteria. One example of innovative thinking to drive progress is the reuse of scrap absorbent materials from P&G’s Feminine Care plant in Belleville, Canada. One of P&G’s external partners blends P&G's high-tech absorbents with other raw materials that make up emergency spill containment and control products. In 2014, the plant was called upon to help provide additional material above and beyond our typical supply to help the local community with emergency response and oil cleanup after the Lac-Megantic train disaster.
At Bechtel's Crossrail project in London, nearly 100 percent of the excavated material from tunnel boring was reused or recycled, either at Wallasea Island, where it is being used to recreate some of the wetlands and salt marshes near Essex, or at other sites that are being restored to create agricultural land, nature reserves, and recreational facilities. There are many opportunities through construction and engineering to reduce waste. Also, in Jubail, Saudi Arabia, where Bechtel has been building an industrial city, Bechtel has introduced construction waste recycling schemes across 50 contract sites to prevent waste from going to the landfill.
The world generates an average of 3.5 million tons of solid waste per day. According to the World Bank Report, daily waste will climb to 6 million tons per day by 2025, and a staggering 11 million tons by 2100. Millions of tons of materials flow through Walmart facilities each year. They’re finding ways to reduce, reuse, recycle and manage them more efficiently, resulting in significant environmental and business upside. Ten years ago, they set an aspirational goal to create zero waste across our global operations. They have achieved 82.4% of waste diversion in the U.S. and 68% internationally.
In 2010, Citi set their 2015 operational environmental goals, including a goal of 40% reduction in waste stream to landfill using a base year of 2005. Through numerous initiatives to reduce waste to landfill, such as repurposing and recycling old wireless devices and boosting their recycling rates, Citi surpassed their 2015 goal of a 40% diversion from 2005 volumes in 2013, two years early. As part of their new generation of operational footprint goals, set in 2015, Citi has established a new goal to reduce our waste to landfill by 60% by 2020.
Pirelli’s Green Sourcing Policy seeks to reduce the company’s environmental footprint related to the sourcing of materials, products and services. The concepts of Reduction, Reuse and Recovery are integrated in the Pirelli Sourcing Model for materials, products and services, including the design of what is designed in-house but outsourced for manufacturing. Pirelli aims to buy materials, products and services whose environmental footprint can be proved to have a lower impact than the equivalent market average, considering all phases of the life cycle of any sourced material and focusing in particular on end-of-life management, in accordance with the Zero Waste to Landfill philosophy. Pirelli’s goal of zero waste to landfill would contribute to expected savings of approximately 60 million euros by 2017 thanks to internal recovery of scrap. The 2013-2017 sustainability plan, which sets a number of targets for 2020, foresees recycling of production waste above 95% by 2020. In 2015, Pirelli has already reached a waste recovery rate of 91% (anticipating by 2 years 2017 target). Pirelli also aims to maximize the benefits of this Green Sourcing policy by encouraging its Suppliers to apply it to their own sourcing process and throughout their own supply chain.
12.6) Encourage companies, especially large and trans-national companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
Achieving sustainability excellence: In 2015, the U.S. Department of Energy recognized three Bechtel-affiliated sites with five sustainability awards for driving improvements to reduce waste, water use, energy, and pollution. The three sites were: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Y-12 National Security Complex.
In 2014, Disney’s water consumption was recorded at 6.89 billion gallons. This falls slightly below the company’s baseline of 6.93 billion gallons. Disney continued to promote effective management of water use at existing sites while continuing to implement innovative conservation measures. By 2018, Disney is planning to maintain potable water consumption at 2013 levels at existing sites, and develop water conservation plans for new sites. No new sites were added in 2014 and, therefore, there was no need to develop new water conservation plans.
Novozymes is committed to transparent communication and documentation and has long been a leader in practicing integrated sustainability reporting, including through the integration of scientific documentation of product sustainability impacts through Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).Public LCAs can be found here. Novozymes has worked through the Copenhagen Household Care Sustainability Summit, which gathers the industry’s top business and sustainability minds to share pragmatic ideas for achieving true, systematic sustainability. In 2013 stakeholders agreed that he way forward for the industry requires three main components: Collaboration, harmonization, simplification.
12.7) Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
12.8) By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
Walmart has worked with more than 100 suppliers, several leading NGOs and the scientists at The Sustainability Consortium (TSC) for the past several years to build the Sustainability Index. It’s a tool that gathers and analyzes information about a supplier’s approach to monitoring and managing social and environmental impact across the product life cycle – from sourcing, manufacturing and transporting to selling, customer usage and recycling. Walmart is putting this tool into the hands of our buyers and suppliers in the U.S., and piloting it in Chile and Mexico to drive continuous improvement and identify hot spots for special initiatives, such as factory energy efficiency and fertilizer optimization. Walmart is making information from the Index available to the public in the Sustainability Leaders shop at Walmart.com. The site describes the major hot spots affecting more than 80 product categories and showcases suppliers who score the highest on the Index in each category. By the end of 2017, they’ll buy 70 percent of goods in Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club U.S. units only from suppliers who use the Sustainability Index to evaluate and share the sustainability of their products if they produce goods in categories where the Index is available. Each merchant will have sustainability goals tied to his or her performance objectives and we will use the Index as the primary tool to measure progress. Currently, nearly 1,300 suppliers are using the Sustainability Index to evaluate the sustainability performance of the full life cycle of their products, accounting for 65 percent of Walmart U.S. sales. Walmart is rolling the Sustainability Index out for Sam’s Club suppliers this year.
Means of Implementation
12.a) Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacities to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
12.b) Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
12.c) Rationalize inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities