13.1) Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
IBM and AECOM worked together with the United Nations’ Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) to develop a scorecard to measure cities’ resilience to natural disasters. The scorecard will help cities improve preparedness to disasters by reviewing policy and planning, engineering, informational, organizational, financial, social and environmental aspects of disaster resilience in 80 assessment categories. Inspired by UN’s Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient, this tool enables cities to prioritize needs, track and measure the progress cities make, and identify major areas of weakness – before a natural disaster identifies these for them. Additionally, in the public domain, it will strengthen the understanding of what it takes to protect lives and will help facilitate a more rapid economic recovery. The resiliency scorecard can be downloaded at UNISDR site.
13.2) Integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation into national policies, strategies and planning
Climate change mitigation is well integrated into our business strategy. We have targets for CO2 savings, both from our own operations and from customers’ application of our products. In 2016, Novozymes’ customers avoided an estimated 69 million tons of CO2 emissions by applying Novozymes’ products, equivalent to taking approximately 30 million cars off the road. Since 2009, Novozymes has decoupled absolute CO2 emissions from business growth and has also committed to reducing dependence on conventional sources of energy by investing in renewable power.
Working with the UN Global Compact Business Leadership Criteria for Carbon Pricing, in 2015, Novozymes set an internal carbon price to drive decarbonization in its operations. In 2016, Novozymes adopted a shadow price on its direct and indirect carbon emissions, used when evaluating its global portfolio of operational eco-efficiency projects.
Among other actions, Novozymes is part of Below 50, which aims to increase the number of companies using transportation fuels that reduce carbon dioxide emissions by at least 50% relative to conventional fossil fuels whilst making both good business and environmental sense.
PPL Corporation is working to advance a cleaner energy future. PPL has a longstanding commitment to carry out all of their business activities in ways that preserve and promote a clean, safe and healthy environment. They have invested in environmental upgrades at PPL power plants, carbon-free generation projects and programs to encourage energy efficiency.
They are taking steps to manage climate-related risks. In 2017, they published an assessment of the potential impacts on PPL resulting from future requirements and technological advances aimed at limiting global warming to 2º Celsius over pre-industrial levels. In January 2018, PPL announced a goal to cut the company’s carbon dioxide emissions 70 percent from 2010 levels by 2050. The company has significantly reduced carbon emissions and carbon intensity via the strategic spin-off of their competitive generation and coal retirements in Kentucky, with a 50 percent reduction in emissions from 2010 to 2016.
13.3) Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
Getting consumers to wash their clothes in low temperatures represents a significant opportunity to reduce energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions. This is why P&G has established a goal that by 2020, 70% of all machine wash loads should be done in cold water. Since launching the initiative, global washing machine loads washed in cold water increased from 38% to 53% (between 2010 and 2014). Progress to date has been mainly driven by an increase of cold-water washing in Western Europe, where P&G launched strong outreach and communication programs to consumers by selling all versions of Ariel, P&G’s leading laundry detergent in Europe, with a “30 ̊C” icon to encourage consumers to wash in cold and partnered and by working with AISE, a detergents trade association in Europe, on a major industry consumer education campaign called “I prefer 30 ̊C” to drive low-temperature washing. P&G has also partnered with key suppliers to design technologies that provide greater performance in cold.
P&G has also sought to influence the entire laundry ecosystem by continuing to partner with washing machine manufacturers on three key areas: 1) placing information about the benefits of cold-water washing on new washing machines reaching millions of consumers, 2) encouraging the use of quick cycles where time saving is a great consumer motivator to switch to this cycle and 3) designing detergents that perform at their best in the new high-efficiency machines in North America.
Means of Implementation
13.a) Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
13.b) Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities