7.1) By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services
Novozymes is working with partners towards the shared goal of ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services. It has supported the UN Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Initiative's Sustainable Bioenergy High-Impact Opportunity (HIO) since 2013. The HIO is a voluntary partnership of likeminded stakeholders, which seeks to facilitate the development and deployment of sustainable bioenergy solutions in line with the SDGs. Its initiatives focus on-farm bioenergy production; waste to energy; cellulosic ethanol for clean cooking and transportation, and sustainable aviation biofuels. Formally launched in May 2015, the HIO has become a global partnership platform for developing a community of good practice, enhancing knowledge, and scaling up implementation. It has linked the private sector with national governments and civil society, to foster sustainable rural economic development and reduce the use of fossil fuels. Just one year later the Sustainable Bioenergy HIO is now accelerating the deployment of sustainable biopower and biofuels projects in 18 countries. To help de-carbonize the transportation sector, it is also working with the WBCSD to develop below50, a global campaign to increase the number of companies using sustainable fuels with emissions reductions greater than 50%.
In addition, Novozymes supports the European Union Biobased Industries Joint Undertaking, a partnership Novozymes had a leading role in creating, which launched in 2014. The Joint Undertaking is expected to inject €3.7 billion into the European economy from 2014-2024. Novozymes is also actively engaged in driving specific project based opportunities under this effort such as the Maarberg Energy Concept.
SolarNow, a Netherlands-based social enterprise operating in Uganda, was launched in 2011 to answer the pressing demand for affordable high quality solar home systems among 4 million off-grid households and entrepreneurs in Uganda and eventually in other countries. And since its inception, SolarNow has reached 20,000 people through the sale of over 2,700 systems in Uganda. As of September 2013, SolarNow is operating 35 shops in Uganda selling solar energy products with a credit facility. Renewable energy solar home systems are now being used by 20,000 people in with the aim to reach 200,000 by 2015. SolarNow is providing solar panels that will cut down on energy costs as well as carbon dioxide emissions by an estimated 5,000 tonnes per annum. It will also create additional income opportunities for households who can rent out electricity to the surrounding neighbourhood for various purposes. To reach the millions of rural customers with limited financial resources, substantial price reductions will be needed. In order to reduce the price, SolarNow is continually streamlining its importation import process, which lowers costs.
PPL Corporation focuses on providing affordable, reliable, safe and environmentally responsible energy to their customers. They intend to keep their rates affordable by reducing operating costs, boosting efficiency and making smart investments in their infrastructure. In the U.S., their utilities maintain residential rates below the regional averages based on the Edison Electric Institute’s Average Rates Report for Winter 2017. PPL’s subsidiaries also give customers more options to manage their energy use than ever before. In 2017, more than 1 million participants took advantage of their utilities’ energy efficiency programs for residential and commercial customers, receiving more than $35.7 million in energy efficiency rebates. In all, their energy efficiency programs helped customers save more than 671 million kilowatt-hours of electricity and reduced peak demand by more than 259 megawatts across their business.
PPL is advancing more than two dozen research and development projects to explore clean energy technologies, including energy storage and electric vehicles. In 2017, activities included:
• PPL Electric partnered with EPRI on research related to energy storage, distribution systems, integration of distributed energy resources and crisis communications.
• PPL Electric began the Keystone Solar Future Project in partnership with Drexel University, General Electric, EPRI, Landis+Gyr and BRIDGE Energy Group to model the effects of distributed energy on the grid.
• As part of its Innovation Strategy, WPD conducts R&D activities across five broad areas: network performance and efficiency; low carbon networks; smart grid and meters; and environment and customer service.
7.2) By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
At Mars, we recognize the importance of tracking and reducing our GHG emissions to help drive momentum for global climate action. Our long-term climate change ambitions are to reduce total GHG emissions from our full value chain by 27% by 2025 and by 67% by 2050, from 2015 levels.
Within our full value chain, energy use is the major driver of our GHG emissions from direct operations. That’s why we’re committing to eliminate 100% of the GHG emissions in our direct operations by 2040, and are making progress by implementing renewables at scale.
Our efforts range from on-site renewable generation options like adding solar panels to our pet food factory in San Bernardino, California and establishing annual contracts in Europe, to signing long-term, country-level contracts that create renewable infrastructure in places like the United States and the United Kingdom. By the end of 2018, Mars will be using or purchasing renewable electricity to cover 100% of our operations in 11 countries, including the United Kingdom, United States, France, Mexico and others.
Our commitment to advancing renewables is part of Mars’ Sustainable in a Generation Plan, a $1billion investment to accelerate sustainable growth in alignment with the UN SDGs.
Bechtel has provided engineering, procurement, and construction services for the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System in California’s Mojave Desert achieving commercial operation in December 2013. With Ivanpah, the amount of commercial solar thermal electricity produced in the United States nearly doubled. In the last 5 years Bechtel has delivered three solar thermal and photovoltaic projects, including Ivanpah, totaling 737 MW; enough to power 275,000 homes. Bechtel partners with world leaders in academia and industry to manage and operate two U.S. national security laboratories—Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos—where energy security is national security.
Citi’s $100 Billion Environmental Finance Initiative is a goal to lend, invest and facilitate $100 billion over ten years to activities focused on environmental solutions and reducing the impacts of climate change globally. Activities supporting renewable and efficient energy generation is a major contributor of that goal. Citi products and services help our clients reduce or avoid Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions through financing for clean energy and energy efficiency projects. We also invest in client efforts to develop projects, technologies and services that reduce greenhouse gas and other emissions. Wind and solar projects account for $8.9 billion or 38% of the first year’s total of $23.6 billion. Citi's Alternative Energy Finance team, which financed 1,650,700 KW of renewable energy generation capacity in 2014 in the US, which avoided 2,795,164.09 metric tons of CO2 emissions for the year, or the equivalent of energy needed to power 458,419 homes. Citi also helped finance Berkshire Hathaway Energy’s $2.75 billion, 579 MW Solar Star project in California.
Chevron is one of the world's leading producers of geothermal energy, which is created by the heat of the earth and has almost no greenhouse gas emissions. In Indonesia and the Philippines, Chevron supplies enough geothermal energy to meet the needs of millions of people in these countries. The technologies and processes used in geothermal production have much in common with those for oil and gas. Chevron uses its experience in reservoir characterization and safe, efficient drilling to produce this renewable resource.
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia, Ltd., manages two large geothermal projects in Indonesia—Darajat and Salak, both on the island of Java. The output from our Darajat and Salak geothermal operations provides steam to two power plants with a total capacity of 647 megawatts. In the Philippines, the Philippines Geothermal Production Company (in which Chevron has a 40 percent interest) produces steam energy for the Tiwi and Mak-Ban geothermal power plants in southern Luzon, which have a combined capacity of 692 megawatts.
DuPont is commercializing cellulosic ethanol, the lowest carbon emitting and most sustainable transportation fuel in the world. Since 2009 we have operated a demonstration facility in eastern Tennessee producing cellulosic ethanol from corn stover, switchgrass and sugar cane bagasse. This experience combined with DuPont’s extensive work with farmers enabled the construction of a 30-million gallon per year facility located in central Iowa that is scheduled to begin producing cellulosic ethanol from corn stover in the coming months. The business objective is to license a comprehensive technology package that includes the cellulosic ethanol engineering design & technology, access to plant specific vendors and proprietary equipment, technical support during construction and operations, enzyme biocatalyst supply and feedstock supply consulting. This technology package will create access to deploying cellulosic ethanol for investors around the world.
Solar energy is the most abundant energy resource on earth – bringing innovations to market that harness that power is essential. DuPont is the leading supplier of specialty materials to the solar industry. More than half the world’s 700 million solar panels have DuPont materials in them, and DuPont materials have been time-tested in more than 11 trillion panel-hours of outdoor solar field installations globally since 1975. Materials matter because they help determine how well and for how long a solar panel works. Materials that improve the power output and the reliable lifetime of solar panels, improve the return on investment in solar energy systems - making solar more affordable and more competitive with other forms of electricity.
Lockheed Martin is using its engineering and manufacturing expertise to advance renewable energy generation systems to help power the world. In fact, Lockheed Martin and teammate Concord Blue are building a power generation facility that will provide a new, clean energy source to meet the needs of 5,000 homes and businesses in Herten, Germany. The five-megawatt power generation facility will transform forestry waste to power using Concord Blue’s Reformer® technology, which converts waste to energy through advanced gasification. At the same time, Lockheed Martin is maturing technologies to create energy from the ocean, to include Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), wave and tidal power technologies, for use in Europe, Asia and other markets.
PPL Corporation has made substantial investments in smart grid technology with a focus on improving the reliability of the electric delivery systems for its utility customers in Pennsylvania, Kentucky and the United Kingdom. PPL’s utilities in the United Kingdom, Western Power Distribution, have a number of innovative projects underway to change the way electricity is generated and used to support the U.K.’s bold target to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 80% by 2050. In Pennsylvania, PPL Electric Utilities has committed $100 million for smart grid deployment. All of the company’s customers will be served by automated circuits by the end of 2018. In addition to improving reliability for customers, smart grid advancement also facilitates implementation of renewable energy and distributed generation resources.
Pirelli’s 2013-2017 sustainability plan, which sets a number of targets for 2020, foresees a 18% reduction in the specific energy consumption ratio and a 15% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2020. To achieve these targets, in addition to specific energy efficiency actions at all Group plants, Pirelli has developed a Carbon Action Plan, with the aim of increasing the use of energy from renewable sources with dedicated projects (photovoltaic power plants, cogeneration plant powered by vegetable oil, biomass plant for steam generation, supply of electricity from wind power).
7.3) By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
Bechtel is building some of the world’s most efficient natural gas fired power plants. For our customer, Panda Power Funds, we have delivered two 758 MW plants with another two on the way, totaling over 3000 MW of efficiently produce power.
Walmart aspires to reduce their energy consumption by 20 percent per square foot by 2020 compared with the 2010 baseline and work their way toward being powered 100 percent by renewable energy (they are at 26 percent) as well as double the fuel efficiency of our fleet (they've improved efficiency by 87.4 percent since 2005).
Bechtel's Crossrail project, where they are adding more underground and ground level track and new stations for the existing London Underground, has been piloting energy reductions at various sites. They have piloted the use of hybrid excavators, powering a noise monitor with hydrogen fuel cells for a calculated carbon savings of 101 tons, and relying on light-emitting diode (LED) lighting instead of traditional halogen lights to reduce energy consumption. All of these programs, once tested, help the construction industry improve energy efficiency.
Citi is leading the way in designing new vehicles to finance and scale energy efficiency for corporations, governments and homeowners, by aggregating pools of projects. For example, Citi is a leading collaborator on the Warehouse for Energy Efficiency Loans (WHEEL), a national, U.S. public-private financing platform that brings lower cost capital to public-sponsored residential energy efficiency loan programs. Serving as the capital markets partner, warehousing and securitizing loans, we are working with state and local governments (including Pennsylvania, Kentucky and New York), the Department of Energy, and various nonprofits to facilitate adoption of this approach. Citi is supporting research to see how we can expand energy efficiency financing in other markets.
PPL Corporation, through its subsidiaries, has a number of energy efficiency and conservation programs in place to help our customers learn about and save energy. They can also save money through rebates and discounts for making wise investments in energy efficiency. In the first phase of PPL Electric Utilities’ E-power® programs, developed as part of Pennsylvania’s energy efficiency and conservation laws customers, including households, non-profits and educational institutions, collectively saved more than 1.6 billion kilowatt-hours per year of electricity between 2009 and 2013. For context, one megawatt supplies enough energy to power about 720 typical homes. The energy savings help offset customers’ annual energy growth and manage peak periods when customers’ energy usage is at its highest.
With climate change as a top priority, Novozymes has made considerable investments in energy efficiency and has significantly increased the share of renewables in its energy mix. The company was able to reduce its CO2 emissions by 100,000 and save 84 million Danish Kroner per year by deploying 188 energy-saving projects across its global sites between 2009 and 2014. Also, 100% of the electricity at their Denmark sites is provided via wind farms. At three production sites, the company has been able to generate energy from biomass. Currently, 23% of Novozymes' energy comes from renewables and it has set a new target of 30% renewable energy supply by 2020.
Lockheed Martin manages innovative and successful commercial, Industrial and residential energy efficiency (EE) programs for many of the United States’ utilities including Pacific Gas & Electric, Pepco, Con Edison, Energy Trust of Oregon, Southern California Edison and many more. Under these partnerships, Lockheed Martin is working to ensure each customer conserves energy, increases operation efficiencies, maximizes capital spending and does their part to protect the environment. Additionally, the Lockheed Martin energy storage group partnered with Convergent Energy + Power, an integrated energy storage asset developer, to complete a 3 MWh energy storage system in Boothbay, Maine. The energy storage project demonstrated that the electricity grid can be improved and made more reliable in a clean, efficient way -- while saving electricity users money.
Means of Implementation
7.a) By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technologies
Infrastructure helps make renewable energy more widely available. Bechtel is enabling 3,000 MW of offshore wind to be connected to the grid off the coast of New Jersey by engineering and installing onshore transmission lines and substations, two onshore converter stations, one offshore converter station, and overseeing the offshore installation of a first-of-a-kind high-voltage direct current (HVDC) converter technology and HVDC cables that will span the length of New Jersey.
IBM announced a 10-year initiative to support China in transforming its national energy systems and protecting the health of citizens. Dubbed “Green Horizon,” the project sets out to leap beyond current global practices in three areas critical to China’s sustainable growth: air quality management, renewable energy forecasting and energy optimization for industry. To improve air quality management, scientists from IBM and the Beijing government will apply supercomputing processing power to create visual maps showing the source and dispersion of pollutants across Beijing 72 hours in advance, with street-scale resolution. Additionally, IBM will complement the government’s increased investment in renewable energy with a forecasting system solution which, by combining weather prediction and big-data analytics, will allow utility companies to forecast the amount of energy that will be available to be directed into the grid or stored, ensuring waste reduction. IBM is also supporting China’s national goal to reduce energy consumption by developing a new system that helps monitor, manage and optimize the energy consumed by industrial enterprises – representing over 70 percent of China’s total energy consumption.
In Italy, alongside its partner Beta Renewables, Novozymes helped establish the first biorefinery in the world to be designed and built to produce cellulosic bioethanol from agricultural residues and energy crops at commercial scale using enzymatic conversion. Situated in fields outside Crescentino and using waste residues from local agriculture, the biorefinery can produce up to 13MW of electricity and up to 50M litres of cellulosic bioethanol per year, with a GHG reduction potential of up to 90% compared with petroleum-based fuel. It is entirely self-sufficient in its energy consumption.
Novozymes is also heavily engaged with the Sustainable Energy for All initiative of the UN and World Bank.
7.b) By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, land locked developing countries and small island developing States in accordance with their respective programmes of action.