9.1) Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
There is an enormous social need for infrastructure investments, which have the capacity to improve the lives of those living in underserved areas and stimulate local economies. As much as $59 trillion in global infrastructure investment will be needed over the next 15 years as current infrastructure ages and the population increases. Citi finances and makes direct investments in infrastructure in cities and communities around the world, funding $42.6 billion worth of infrastructure projects in 2016. These projects have enabled greater access to power in a number of countries including Jamaica, Guatemala, Vietnam, Pakistan and South Africa, renewable energy in Argentina, modular steel bridges in Zambia and affordable green housing across the U.S.
Bechtel and its joint-venture partner, Enka, finished the Kosovo Motorway a year ahead of schedule—a remarkable feat for a project of this scale and complexity. The four-lane motorway includes 15 bridges and runs 48 miles from Morine at the southwest border with Albania to Trude, north of the capital, Pristina. Collaboration with the Kosovo government and local communities was critical to completing this project early. The new motorway serves as a centerpiece of Kosovo’s national transportation system and is expected to significantly boost the country’s economy, improve the quality of life for Kosovars and expand trade opportunities for neighboring nations.
PPL Corporation is rebuilding and modernizing our electricity distribution and transmission systems to make them even more reliable and efficient with nearly $18 billion in infrastructure investment planned over the next five years. In May 2015, PPL Electric Utilities energized the Susquehanna-Roseland transmission line in Pennsylvania, completing a major upgrade to the nation’s electric grid. The new 500-kilovolt power line will make electric service more reliable for millions of people in the Northeast. The three-year construction project created significant economic benefits in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, including 2,000 construction jobs. It also enables savings for electric customers by reducing transmission congestion charges. The project also led to significant public benefits in the form of expanded national park lands, wetland improvements and cultural and historic preservation activities.
9.2) Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, raise significantly industry’s share of employment and GDP in line with national circumstances, and double its share in LDCs
Bechtel and the government of Gabon developed and are delivering a groundbreaking $25 billion National Infrastructure Master Plan (NIMP) that will enable the country to modernize the national workforce, expand access to social development, and advance connectivity within the country, across Africa, and with the rest of the world. The success of the infrastructure initiative rests in large measure on project management and accountability. Bechtel helped organize and currently manages l’Agence Nationale des Grands Travaux (ANGT), a government agency that oversees the execution and delivery of NIMP. ANGT coordinates work with various ministries and government agencies, monitors progress, incorporates new execution tools and processes, and engages local communities about NIMP’s progress. The agency translated NIMP’s vision into a detailed implementation plan sequenced over 15 years. It also helps local businesses participate in the tendering process and has created and introduced minimum requirements for contracting Gabonese businesses. In 2013, the government invested nearly $400 million in NIMP’s execution, with two-thirds of the work undertaken by Gabonese companies. Bechtel and the Center for Strategic and Economic Studies (CSIS) have launch a yearlong global sustainability series, supporting initiatives such as the Gabon Master Plan.
9.3) Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
In partnership with the public and private sectors, Citi led the Tech for Integrity (T4I) Challenge, a global open innovation competition to crowdsource technology solutions that address issues of integrity, transparency and corruption – including the challenges of financial inclusion – from entrepreneurs around the world. Out of 1,000 initial registrations, T4I invited 213 startups and tech firms to participate in an Accelerator program, through which they received mentorship, training and access to developer tools. 96 finalists presented their solutions at demo days in India, the United Arab Emirates, Ireland, Mexico, Argentina and Singapore. Many of the solutions sourced through the T4I platform leverage blockchain, artificial intelligence or biometrics to address last mile payments and verification of identities, enabling access to finance for undocumented and underserved populations. T4I also supports SDG 16, in particular target 16.5 on reducing corruption and bribery.
9.4) By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Using innovation to reduce carbon and cut costs: Bechtel currently has a patent pending for the efficient removal of carbon emitted from gas-fired power plants. Our two technological innovations reduce the power lost in capturing carbon by almost 65 percent, while also lowering overall capital cost by more than 30 percent. Our innovation uses exhaust heat to produce steam and simplifies the entire system.
PPL is upgrading environmental controls at its power plants, completing Kentucky’s first combined-cycle, natural-gas- fired generation unit and breaking ground on its first large-scale utility solar project. The transition from coal to natural gas will bring an end to coal-fired generation at Cane Run that spanned more than six decades and pioneered award-winning, environmental technology for the utility industry. The natural gas combined-cycle unit also will mean greater efficiency in power production and further reduction of emissions.
In addition, the company is participating in Kentucky’s first megawatt-scale carbon capture pilot and exploring opportunities to enable widespread adoption of low-carbon technologies by customers in the United Kingdom. With these environmental efforts, the company continues to produce energy cleaner than ever before — at Cane Run alone, particulate emissions will be reduced by more than half; sulfur dioxide emissions by 99 percent and nitrogen oxide emissions by 82 percent.
Bechtel's Crossrail project, where they are adding more underground and ground level track and new stations for the existing London Underground, has been piloting energy reductions at various sites. They have piloted the use of hybrid excavators, powering a noise monitor with hydrogen fuel cells for a calculated carbon savings of 101 tons, and relying on light-emitting diode (LED) lighting instead of traditional halogen lights to reduce energy consumption. All of these programs, once tested, help the construction industry improve energy efficiency.
DuPont is dedicated to resource-use efficiency and environmental stewardship through its Clean Technologies portfolio of offerings, part of DuPont Sustainable Solutions. The following are two examples out of many solutions that are currently available in the marketplace from the DuPont Clean Technologies portfolio.
DuPont provides MECS® sulfuric acid plants around the globe an opportunity for significant energy recovery using the MECS® HRS™ technology for heat recovery of waste heat produced in the sulfuric acid production process. The HRS™ technology recovers energy from these waste streams by generating steam which is then converted into electricity, either for use by the customer or for external sale. The HRS™ component of the DuPont sulfuric acid offering provides triple the amount of recoverable energy in comparison to traditional systems.
Air pollution is another area of expertise within the DuPont Clean Technologies portfolio. From fertilizer to refining, marine to mining, and beyond, DuPont offers world-class technologies for air pollution reduction. One such technology is the IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology which indirectly improves air quality by removing sulfur from transportation fuels and directly improves air quality by minimizing use of natural resources within the process itself. Utilizing less equipment and less energy than traditional hydroprocessing technologies, IsoTherming® technology can reduce fuel gas consumption by up to 60% and power consumption by up to 40%, while increasing energy recovery by up to 50%.
9.5) Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
Cargill is investing in infrastructure and innovation across the global food system. In 2016, the company invested more than $40 million in launching three research and development facilities in North America, China and Chile. Combined with the insights of more than 1,300 food scientists, Cargill is building the capacity to ensure a more resilient food system. More information is available at Cargill stories and Cargill sustainability.
Smallholder farmers, who make up about 90 percent of all farmers globally, are often challenged with rural isolation and limited agronomic resources. Since 2010, Monsanto has helped to empower smallholder farmers in India through a free mobile platform called Monsanto Farm AgVisory® Services, which was renamed FarmRise™ - Mobile Farm Care in 2016. Knowing that 70 percent of smallholder farmers globally have access to cellular telephones, we combined agronomic knowledge and mobile technology to bring free, relevant information and advice directly to farmers in the field to help them make decisions for a successful harvest. The number of registered farmers using the platform has grown from 10,000 to more than 4 million, with more than half of the growth occurring in the last couple of years. Monsanto teams in Asia and Africa are working to further expand FarmRise™ for smallholder farmers around the world.
Innovation, particularly product innovation, is a key driving force for Novozymes business and continues to be one of the most material issues for us. More than 20% of our global workforce works in R&D, and each year we spend around 13% of revenue on R&D.
Our Portfolio board which manages R&D pipeline across divisions, evaluates all the projects in the pipeline on several criteria, including strategic impact, financial impact and contribution to delivering on the UN SDGs.
As part of our international outreach, together with the Henning Holck Larsen Foundation, Novozymes and has an agreement to advance the relationship between Denmark and India and to develop scientists both scientifically and personally by giving them international work experience.
Each year DuPont awards unrestricted funding to promising new university faculty. The 2015 class of DuPont Young Professors is an international and interdisciplinary group. The group will receive over $400,000 in grant funding over two years to support research that advances basic science knowledge to address global challenges in food, energy and protection. The overarching goal of this program is to help promising young and untenured research faculty begin their research careers. The DuPont Young Professor program dates to 1918, when Pierre S. du Pont selected 42 universities in the United States and provided grants that supported young faculty. Since 1968, this program has provided over $50 million in grants to more than 700 young professors in 140 institutions in 19 countries.
Pirelli aims to further reinforce its commitment to research and development – headquartered in Milan with 10 regional centers employing 1,600 engineers – in all business segments in order to achieve the results of its new 2013-2017 sustainability plan. The plan sets a number of targets for 2020 and foresees revenues from “green” products in 2017 being equal to 48% of tyre revenues, with significant development of certain green performance product lines. The plan also outlines the maintenance of investment in research and development, equal to 7% of Premium revenues, dedicated to the development of safer, lower environmental impact products. As well as significantly increasing the product portfolio, Pirelli has started to introduce other technological innovations such as the PNCS system (Pirelli Noise Cancelling System) to reduce noise pollution and new materials and geometries that aim to reduce the rolling resistance of car products by 40% by 2020.
Means of Implementation
9.a) Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS
9.b) Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
9.c) Significantly increase access to ICT and strive to provide universal and affordable access to internet in LDCs, LLDCs, SIDS by 2020
TTNET, Turkey’s leading Internet service provider, is committed to increasing access to the Internet and education in Turkey. TTNET’s initiative “Internet 4All” creates strong incentives for going digital through discounted Internet and other valuable services. The program aims to reach 140,000 new subscribers in the country. It also hopes to strengthen the company’s growth by increasing Internet literacy and widening the base of Internet users in Turkey. And to increase access to education, TTNET is providing its educational subscription service “Vitamin” to new subscribers free of charge. The Vitamin platform features science, math, Turkish and social sciences for grades 4-12. Internet 4All, in collaboration with UNDP Turkey, the Habitat Development Association, and the Turkish Government, also includes Internet literacy training. The training is targeted at women over the age of 35 in 20 of Turkey’s most underdeveloped cities. A projected 30,000 households will access the Vitamin platform, enabling both young and old to strengthen their knowledge in many subject areas through dynamic learning tools. An additional 12,000 disadvantaged people will benefit from Internet literacy training; the goal is for 90 per cent of these trainees to be women who are either retired or unemployed.
Google is a sponsor of the Alliance for Affordable Internet, a coalition of public, private, and not-for-profit organizations that aim to provide affordable Internet access to all. These organizations, which include Ericsson, Facebook, Intel, Microsoft, and Yahoo, have agreed on a set of policies and regulatory best practices that focus on driving prices down to meet the UN Broadband Commission target of entry-level broadband services priced at less than 5% of monthly income. To achieve this goal, they work with various stakeholders across Nigeria, Ghana, Mozambique, the Dominican Republic and Myanmar to establish formal relationships with each country’s national government and publish affordability reports which showcase both successes and challenges to making Internet affordable and accessible.