15.1) By 2020, ensure conservation , restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Natural diversity in ecosystems provides many benefits to human life. Yet biological diversity, or biodiversity, faces threats in many places. Chevron recognizes the importance of conserving biodiversity. In all of its operations, Chevron strives to conserve biodiversity by avoiding and reducing potential harm to sensitive species, habitats and ecosystems. This commitment is exemplified in Chevron Australia’s Gorgon Project on Barrow Island, a Class A Nature Reserve, which is home to 24 species and subspecies found nowhere else on Earth. Chevron Australia’s key environmental objective is to protect the conservation values and maintain the biodiversity of Barrow Island and its surrounding waters.
In response to the risk of introducing non-indigenous (non-native) species to Barrow Island, Chevron has developed a comprehensive Quarantine Management System (QMS) aimed at protecting Barrow Island and its surrounding waters. The Western Australian Environmental Protection Authority considers the QMS ‘likely to be world’s best practice’. Quarantine management prevents the introduction of non-indigenous animals and plants that could potentially establish on the island, predate native species or compete with them for food, water and shelter. Together with the broader scientific community, specialist environmental consultants and relevant government regulatory agencies, Chevron has developed a system to screen more than 10 million employee meals, 55,000 shipping containers, and 335,000 passengers to Barrow Island. As a result, there have been zero introductions or proliferations of nonindigenous species on the island or in its surrounding waters since the Gorgon Project began.
15.2) By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests, and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Pirelli has developed a partnership with its Supplier Kirana Megatara, a major Indonesian rubber processor, to support natural rubber farmers (second-tier in Pirelli’s supply chain) through quality training aimed at enhancing rubber trees’ productivity as a base to not only enhance farmers’ earnings, but also to prevent deforestation risks linked to low productivity. The program also involves the distribution of scholarships to support education for the farmers’ children. Today, around 6000 farmers are involved in the program.
P&G has used its procurement practices to ensure the sustainability of the world’s forest resources by committing as part of the Consumer Goods Forum to help achieve zero net deforestation by 2020 through three strategic commodities where our sourcing practices can have the greatest impact on ensuring responsible use of the world’s forest resources: wood pulp for tissue and absorbent hygiene products, wood pulp used in paper packaging and palm oil for our laundry and beauty products. This year, we exceed our goal on third-party certification, reporting that 54% of the virgin wood fiber used in our tissue/towel products is certified by the Forest Stewardship Leadership Council®, exceeding our goal to have 40% certified by 2015. We reached this goal is collaboration with the Word Wildlife Fund’s Global Forest and Trade Network and its network of forestry experts from around the world. Additionally, we now have 99% of our virgin wood fiber third-party certified. For palm oil, P&G is engaged in improving practices with all its suppliers, including small local farmers, to ensure protection of forests and support the rights of indigenous peoples, including by introducing a palm oil and palm kernel oil traceability plan by December 2015P&G is the only company currently working in-field with small farmers to improve sustainable practices and ensure forest protection. P&G has also pledged to report annually on its progress towards zero net deforestation.
Cargill has pledged to eliminate deforestation across our entire agricultural supply chain, halving it by 2020 and ending it completely by 2030. In 2014 Cargill endorsed the New York Declaration on Forests, and in 2015 we issued a global Policy on Forests, and we are diligently working across our supply chain to meet our goal.
For example, in palm oil, we are on track to a fully traceable, transparent and sustainable supply chain by 2020. Today, 94 percent of our supply is traceable to the mill; and 42 percent is traceable to the plantation. In cocoa, 45 percent of our supply is third-party certified and we are working with growers to increase sustainable practices through our Cargill Cocoa Promise and now the Cocoa & Forests Initiative, of which we are a member.
We launched a new partnership with World Resources Institute’s Global Forest Watch in 2016 to map nearly 2,000 Cargill sourcing areas for cocoa, palm and soy across 14 countries to establish a baseline for tree cover loss as of 2014 that we can use to help measure and track our progress against our implementation plans.
For more information, see our 2017 Forests Report.
The Novozymes Supplier program on responsible sourcing seeks to ensure that our directly sourced agricultural raw materials do not come from locations that contribute to further deforestation.
15.3) By 2030, combat desertification, and restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
Syngenta is promoting conservation practices based on minimum soil disturbance, crop rotation, permanent ground cover, and biodiversity enhancing landscape management through e.g. multifunctional field margins. These are aimed at preventing, halting, and reversing land degradation by contributing to organic carbon storage, water retention and soil biological activity, and on planting rich habitats on marginal and less productive farmland alongside fields and waterways to create interconnected habitat infrastructures. Syngenta’s concrete action is to embed soil and biodiversity enhancing protocols in its commercial offer, use demonstration farms in partnership with universities and local stakeholders, and to engage decision makers and other stakeholders in its partnership with the UNCCD Soil Leadership Academy for policy and decision makers and with commercial partners. Two years into Syngenta’s Good Growth Plan, the company has a fully transparent and audited system of measuring and reporting on progress. The progress made today is 4 million hectares, about 25% of Syngenta’s 2020 target of 15 million hectares. Syngenta has projects in over 30 countries in Europe, Latin America, North America and Asia.
15.4) By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
15.5) Take urgent and significant action to reduce degradation of natural habitat, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
Farmers for Monarchs is a united effort by farmers, ranchers, landowners and the agriculture industry to encourage and enable the expansion and establishment of pollinator/conservation habitat, including milkweed, along the monarch butterfly seasonal migration route. The initiative includes planting milkweed and other habitat along the monarch butterfly seasonal migration route in North America.
Monarch butterflies face many challenges that have contributed to a significant decline in their population. More breeding habitat and food resources, including milkweed and nectar sources, across the migration route will help monarch populations recover.
Monarch habitat promotes biodiversity and sustainability near productive farmlands as follows:
- Attracts Pollinators
- Improves soil health and water quality
- Houses natural enemies of crop pests
- Increases wildlife diversity
This program was initiated by Monsanto in collaboration with members of the cross-sector Monarch Butterfly Collaborative.
15.6) Ensure fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, and promote appropriate access to such resources
Novozymes supports the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB) in terms of the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
Novozymes acknowledges and respects the principles of both the CBD and the Nagoya protocol and the company has internal procedures to ensure that it lives up to its commitments. Novozymes promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed. We are regularly assessing outcomes of CBD meetings and with a view to undertake a broader strategic discussion on its management and reporting of biodiversity issues.
15.7) Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
15.8) By 2020 introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
15.9) By 2020, integrate ecosystems and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes and poverty reduction strategies and accounts
Means of Implementation
15.a) Mobilize and significantly increase from all sources financial resources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
15.b) Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management, and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance sustainable forest management, including for conservation and reforestation
15.c) Enhance global support to efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities